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Kaohsiung Goes Green Kaohsiung City Joined Iclei / 從加入地方環境行動國際委員會(ICLEI)

Kaohsiung Goes Green Kaohsiung City Joined Iclei 
◎Text by Fang-Ju Lin   ◎Photos by Chung-Hui Pao

In 2006, the city of Kaohsiung, known as a industry city, obtained membership of Local Governments for Sustainability (ICLEI) as the entity of Kaohsiung City. Kaohsiung thus became the first city in Taiwan to join ICLEI. Joining this organization facilitates Kaohsiung in acquiring technical consulting and training with renowned professional experts in the field of climate change, as well as share knowledge with other cities.

在ICLEI會議期間,高雄市政府於會場設攤,展現高雄在減少溫室效應的效果。

 Founded in 1990, ICLEI is an international association which is comprised of more than 67 countries and 715 local governments in order to contribute to sustainable development. ICLEI supports regional local government organizations in tackling greenhouse gas emissions in order to achieve the implementation of sustainable development. 

 In December 2007, headed by Director-general Yu-Jheng Siao of the Environmental Protection Bureau, the delegation of Kaohsiung City Government attended the 13th United Nations Climate Change Conference in Bali, Indonesia. During the conference, Director general Siao introduced Kaohsiung's Cities for Climate Protection (CCP) to the Secretary General of ICLEI.

 At this conference, the delegates elaborated on how Kaohsiung City copes with climate changes. Kaohsiung City has been able to take control of production of carbon dioxide caused by manufacturing processes, hence stimulating industry to adopt relevant policies. Currently, the city curbs pollution from vehicles and motorcycles by encouraging discarding poorly-maintained or aged motorcycles, which are proven to emit much more carbon dioxide than newer or maintained ones. In addition, the city has arranged bike paths around the city in cooperation with Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit Station. In the near future, in order to encourage residents to ride their bikes around the city, the city government has plans for bike rental stations to promote the use of bikes. This is one of the measures to decrease greenhouse gas emissions. 為了減少二氧化碳氣體排放,高雄市政府著手規劃更多綠地和便捷的大眾運輸。

 Another measure to help Kaohsiung cope with environmental issues is to generate power from the marsh at Sicingpu Landfill, which utilizes methane to generate power. This measure is expected to cut down on greenhouse gas emissions by 300,000 tons. There is a plethora of measures to be taken into action. In 2008, government sector aged vehicles will be replaced with electric hybrid vehicles; there will also be an increase of green land space.

 Kaohsiung City Government is sending another crucial message, which is that the city government will assist companies to position themselves for a carbon-constrained future. Kaohsiung's preliminary challenge is to establish a "Greenhouse Gas Inventory."  The city government is determined to act to curb carbon emissions in order to create a low-carbon emissions city.

從加入地方環境行動國際委員會(ICLEI)─看高雄市的環保政策
◎文/吳峙嵩  ◎照片提供:鮑忠暉.環保局

 工業城市高雄市,在2006年,成為台灣第一個「地方環境行動國際委員會」(ICLEI)的正式城市會員,藉由加入ICLEI組織,直接與國際氣候變遷的專家團隊聯繫,參與全球城市氣候保護運動,透過這個國際城市平台,和國際其他城市交流合作。

 「地方環境行動國際委員會」(ICLEI)成立於西元1990年,由全球超過67個國家、715個地方政府組成,旨在鼓勵地方政府進行溫室氣體減量,並提供會員國(城市)達成目標的策略,歷年來ICLEI推動許多溫室氣體減量的運動及計畫,協助地方政府朝向永續發展,係目前氣候保護工作上,備受認同、肯定的國際環保組織。

 2007年12月時,高雄市政府由環保局長蕭裕正代表率團前往印尼峇里島,出席「聯合國氣候變化綱要公約第13屆締約國會議」。席間,蕭局長向ICLEI秘書處提出高雄市的「氣候變遷保護行動」(Cities for Climate Protection,簡稱CCP)計劃,這是台灣第一個由地方政府提出,並獲國際認可的城市溫室氣體減量計畫。

 高雄市政府代表團在這場國際環保盛會中,向國際環保界說明高雄市的氣候變遷保護行動,已相當程度的控制了固定污染源(工廠煙囪),目前正積極針對移動性污染源(汽機車廢氣),推動汰換二行程機車等政策;市政府也規劃廣闢「自行車道;未來配合捷運站週邊,廣設自行車租賃點,車輛除原地歸還外,也可在甲地租車乙地還車,爾後市民騎自行車轉乘捷運,相當方便,將大幅提昇大眾運輸工具的使用率,降低溫室氣體排放,朝「綠色交通」時代跨出了一大步。

 高雄市已邁出因應全球氣候變局的重要一步,未來更關鍵的是,進一步深化國際合作交流,積極參與國際會議與活動,建立長期而全面的國際環境交流。高雄市的環保政策

 高雄市的環保作為還包括臨海工業區以「能源整合」方式,每年減少30萬噸的溫室氣體;另,西青埔垃圾掩埋場的「沼氣發電」,也可減量30萬噸;市府97年屆齡汰舊的14輛正副首長座車已確定採購油電混合車;持續加強辦理閒置空間綠美化,並配合地價稅減免及容積獎勵等方式,鼓勵民眾、社區及企業踴躍投入,在在顯示市府帶領減碳抗暖化的決心。 

 高雄市在發展經濟時,堅持環保原則,未來國際貿易不僅考量成本利潤,也得符合國際環保品質的要求,高雄市為了因應潮流,加強企業競爭力,除了持續輔導企業提升能源使用效率,還將督促業者盡快完成溫室氣體排放量的盤查認證。為宣示溫室氣體減量的決心。