Waterfront Cities New York,Baltimore and Kaohsiung / 水岸城市-紐約、巴爾的摩及高雄
Taiwan is an island, and Kaohsiung has rivers and harbor. Kaohsiung is determined to transform itself into the Ocean Capital of Taiwan and has been paying great attention to the development of waterfront facilities.
In early 1970s, cities in western countries began to put the concept of water-friendly into Waterfront Development. There are successful examples, such as New York and Baltimore. In July, a fact-finding group led by Mayor Hsieh paid a visit to these cities. The members include: Mr. Tsung-ting Ko, Director─General of Bureau of Maritime Affairs and Fishery, Mr. Yao-wen Lin, Director─General of Department of Information and Dr. Cheng-chung Yeh, Chairman of Kaohsiung Multi-functional Commerce and Trade Park Association.
New York─A multifaceted waterfront metropolis
New York, located on the bank of Hudson River, is the world's financial and trade center. The World Financial Center is located in Manhattan, and the Liberty Statue on the other side of river makes New York a picturesque waterfront city.
On July 1 & 2, the delegation paid a visit to the Port Authority of New York & New Jersey and took a tour to some waterfront facilities. The Port Authority is responsible for not only the Maritime affairs, but also land transportation and aviation network services. The Port Authority has to meet the needs of the two States and pay equal attention to the port operation and tourism industry. The waterfront facilities and riverfront parks in New York make the city attractive and friendly. The ferry service on the river not only provides as transportation but also a popular tourist attraction.
Chairman Yeh, said the model of overall waterfront development in New York could be introduced as a valuable reference for the planning of the Dream Mall in Kaohsiung.
Baltimore─A successfully rejuvenated waterfront city
Baltimore is a typical port city. In 18th century, Baltimore was one of the most important ports on the eastern coast of American. In 19th century, the railway system in the United States gradually displaced its role. As a result, Baltimore's economy began its downturn. Thanks to the city renewal projects, Baltimore was successfully transformed into a modern waterfront city.
The delegation was invited to the top floor of the World Trade Center. The view was very like that from the 85-story Tuntex Tower.
Baltimore and Kaohsiung have many things in common. Both two cities are port cities and highly rely on heavy industries. The Port is under jurisdiction of Maryland State, not the city itself. There has been a tension between Baltimore City and the Port of Maryland. The situation was not solved until 1970s when the city started its renewal projects, notably the development of Inner Harbor and the construction of World Trade Center, International Convention Center, etc. Since then, the tourism industry has significantly improved and the number of tourists has grown enormously from almost nothing in 1960s to 30 million per year.
Kaohsiung─Taiwan's Ocean Capital
Kaohsiung is currently in a transitional period, undergoing some changes. The situation is very similar to what happened to Baltimore 30 years ago. The experience of Baltimore offers valuable information for Kaohsiung's future development.
To become the Ocean Capital, a unique waterfront city with its original characteristics, is the vision of Kaohsiung. As Mayor Hsieh says, Kaohsiung is not necessary a Number One city, but an Only One city.