Reviving the Culture and History of Linyuan District/林園漁村文化的追尋與復興


Reviving the Culture and History of Linyuan District

◎English translation: Wendy Wei Chang

◎Photos by Yu Jia-rong, Pao Chung-hui


林園魚貨種類豐富 Jhongyu Fishing Port's multitude of fish  Linyuan is Kaohsiung's southernmost district. Some of its natural attractions include Dawu Mountain to the East, Fongshan Hill to the West and Gaoping River, which flows into the Taiwan Strait, located in the south. Jhongyun and Shanwei are its major harbors and home to prosperous eel and fishing industries. Linyuen also has a lot of historical places of interest, such as the former Dinglinzihbian Police Station, its first theater, traditional Japanese architecture and Old Market Street. Some locals have decided to develop programs in order to raise awareness about it's traditional culture and educate visitors and residents about the region's unique history and natural beauty. The Maritime Cultural Festival, began in 2001, and was created to promote the local aquaculture industry. It also gives visitors the opportunity to enjoy local seafood dishes.  

林園老街 Linyuan's Old Street

  Mr. Dai Jian-cheng is a local historian, who, through research, has been preserving Linyuan's unique culture and history. He was born in Linyuan in 1947 and has lived there his entire life. He remembers that in his childhood Linyuan had been a place of pristine countryside. Before the industrial park was built, the air was fresh and the beautiful views were unblemished. From his home he could see the mountains and the ocean. "They were views I never grew tired of", he reminisces. Due to his great sense of love and responsibility for the region, he works hard to educate the public about its history and culture. 

  Shanwei Harbor is believed to be where the Han people from Tangshan (today a large city in Heibei Province, China) first arrived. Since then, the shores have been eroded by tides and time. Mr. Dai explains that the Maritime Cultural Festival was developed for people to gain an understanding of Linyuan's fishing culture and to educate them about its ocean resources. District administrators work with local fisheries to hold special activities such as experience Taiwanese trawling and environmental protection. Participants learn about how Taiwan's ancient fishermen worked and the local cuisine they once enjoyed. The festival has successfully revived Linyuan's culture. 

林園海洋濕地公園 Linyuan Wetlands Park

  Built in 1898, the former Japanese Police Station and Linyuan's first government office Dinglinzihbian, which built in traditional Japanese Imperialist wooden building architecture, is recommended as a great place to begin a historical tour. In 1945, after World War II, the Nationalist government took over and renamed it to Linzihbian Police Station. In March of 2013, Kaohsiung City Government's Cultural Affairs Bureau completed a restoration project and transformed it into an information center where tourists can read and learn about Linyuan's people, culture, places of interest, industries and scenic areas. 

  Down the same alley, but on the other side of the road from the police station is the post office and Linyuan's first theater. During Japanese Imperialism the theater was called "Linyuanza". In 1971, it was converted into a central market. The original traditional market is now known as Shopping Street and can be found on Linyuan North Road, Alley 111. The Old Street was once Linyuan's central business district. It still exudes the reminiscence of days gone by. The marketplace's Baroque buildings, with its ancient walls and wooden roofs, have since fallen into disrepair, a sign that its golden age of tourism and prosperity have long gone.

 Then head toward Linnei, which is a hidden village in the mountains. Due to Fongshan Hill's strategic location, many soldiers were stationed there. Many of them had families that also lived with them in houses built along the reef rocks, edged into the mountainside. Out of this emerged a village. Some of the original residents from the Chinese mainland still live there.

林園海岸景色 Linyuan District beach

  Mr. Dai explains that Fongshan Hill is a great place to enjoy the region's natural scenic beauty. Camel Mountain is visible between Fengbitou and Fongshan Reservoirs. Large deposits of prehistoric limestone have visible fossilised coral reef, fish and shells embedded in the rocks. Over the years, legends about the rocks have been passed down. One legend depicts that the area was so beautiful, God himself came to visit. During this visit, he left a big footprint in the rock, which has become known as the 'Footprint of God'. Mr. Dai points out that it is unfortunate that there aren't enough resources to preserve these natural wonders and educate the public about them. 

  In addition to developing the Maritime Cultural Festival and raising awareness about the region, Mr. Dai also hopes that artists can be brought in to bring a new perspective to this hidden gem. He hopes that with the proper management of natural resources and historical architecture, Linnei will become a thriving landmark. This way, tourists will come to enjoy and learn about Linyuan's unique history and culture.









頂林仔邊警察官吏派出所 Dinglinzihbian Police Station  雖是從漁村文化開頭,但若要傾聽小鎮的美麗與哀愁,不妨從「頂林仔邊警察官吏派出所」開始。跟著戴老師的腳步走進派出所。這裡在1898年就已經成立,它是林園地區最早設立的官署。第二次世界大戰結束後,國民政府從日本手裡接收改為林仔邊派出所。高雄市政府文化局於2013年3月修復完成。我們可以在木造日式空間裡閱讀著林園的人、文、地、產、景等不同面向的介紹,讓初訪的朋友對於地方得以有初步的認識。



靜謐的林內村 The tranquil Linnei Village

  1947年出生的戴健城是道地的林園人,對於家鄉有著深厚的情感與使命,我問他林園的美麗與特色,他說:「我從小每天就在鄉下四處嬉戲,林園的自然環境是坐山面水,一邊是鳳山丘陵,另外一面是高屏溪與台灣海峽。以前還沒有工業區的時候,空氣視野都很好,從這裡可以看到北大武山,山的輪廓清晰,我怎麼看都不會厭倦! 」

  「鳳山丘陵有豐富的自然環境與景觀,以我們著名的駱駝山來講,這山從鳳鼻頭到鳳山水庫是一大片石灰岩地質。裡面多含珊瑚礁、魚、貝類化石,是古代地層擠壓時隆起的地形,奇岩怪石傳說不斷!據說古時候「鳳山」的美連天仙都想下凡來一探究竟!因而在岩石上留下大腳印,我們稱作『仙人跡』。」我問:「那這個仙人跡現在還拍得到嗎?」。戴老師說:「 還拍得到,可惜旁邊都是亂葬崗!拍起來效果不好,缺少適當的規劃與行銷,實在是非常可惜。」


林園漁村常見晾曬魚乾 Drying fish, a common sight in Linyuan